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    1. neg. (Be) not, nothing, nowhere. (N.B. The slow pronunciation (ka are), syntax (e.g. (b), 1
    2. below), and related constructions in other Polynesian lan-guages indicate that kare is a fusion of the verbal particle ka with a verb denoting non-existence, cf. kore).
    3. Used to negate a following clause containing either a verbal or a non-verbal predicate; the subject of the negated clause may precede its predicate and normally does so if pro-nominal.
    4. The negated clause contains the imperfective verbal particle e (see e1 3(a). Kare au e oki mai. I shan’t return (cf. Ka oki mai au. I shall return). (ii) The negated clause contains the retrospec-tive verbal particle i (see i1 2(a)). Kare au i oki mai. I didn’t return (cf. Kua oki mai au. I returned). (iii) The negated clause contains a prepositional or nominal predi-cate. Kare i te kakaia tera. That’s not a tern (cf. E kakaia tera. That’s a tern); Kare e tangata i konei. There’s nobody here; Kare tena atava no te ati ia koe. Youll not break that branch; Kare no te ua. Itll not rain; Kare a Ti tuatua. Ti doesn’t have anything to say (cf. E tuatua ta Ti . Ti has something to say); Kare aku moni. I haven’t any money (cf. E moni taku. I’ve got some money); Kare ona pare i aere mai ei. He didn’t have a hat when he came; Kare ko te kakaia tera. That’s not the tern.
    5. Kare may be followed by adverbials. Kare ake rai, not yet, st not. Ko te tangata ta matou i tiaki ana, kare ake rai i tae mai. The person we were waiting for st hasn’t turned up. Kare atu, no more, nothing else. Kare atu a matou e oronga atu naau. We’ve nothing else to give you. Kare atu, kare mai, nothing anywhere, nothing at all. Kua peea taau tautai? Kare atu, kare mai. How did the fishing go? Nothing at all. Kare katoa, kare oki, kare rai, nor, not indeed. Kare a Mana i kaikai, kare oki a Tere. Mana didn’t have his dinner, nor did Tere. Kare paa, maybe not, perhaps not. Kare paa au e aere ki Avarua. Maybe I won’t go to Avarua. Kare rava, certainly not. Kare rava atu aia e akatika ia koe. Hell never let you do it again. Kare ua, simply not, merely nothing, nowhere at all. Kua kimi matou i te taviri, e kare ua i kitea. We looked for the key, but just couldn’t find it.
    6. Followed by the complementiser e (see e1 (2)). Kare e naku i ta iaia. It was not me that hit him; Kare e ko koe te arataki? Weren’t you the leader?; Naau i peni i te nooanga, kare e naku. You painted the chair, not me.
    7. Denoting non-existence or absence. Ka kimi oki koe iaku kia popongi ake, e kare ra au (Job 7.21). And thou shalt seek me in the morning, but I shall not be; Kare ua taku puka tata. My exercise book has gone.
    8. In replies to questions. Kua oki mai aia? Kare. Is he back? No; Kare aia i oki mai? Kare. Isn’t he back? No; Tei te aa koe? KAre. What are you doing? Nothing; Tei ea a Tere? Kare ua. Where is Tere? He’s not around.
    9. The negative construction may be used attributively. Ki te tua kare e ama, to the side (of the canoe) where there is no outrigger; te vaine kare ana tamariki, a woman with-out children.
    10. Kare e kino, (it) won’t hurt, doesn’t matter, never mind. Kare e kino ta tatou angaanga, a teia monite ki mua e akaoti ei. The work won’t hurt, well finish it off next week. Kare e kore, no doubt, for sure: Kare e kore ka ua i teia po. Itll rain tonight for sure; Kare e kore aia i te tae. Hell manage it all right.
    11. n. Zero, nought, nil, nothing. E tuku i te itu ki mua ake i te kare. Put a seven in front of the nought; okotai re ki te kare, one goal to nil; maata te komakoma i te kare ua, a lot of fuss about nothing.

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