- Used as a third person singular personal pronoun: he, she:
- written as one word with the proper article a when the noun phrase is not preceded by a preposition (see aia): Kua aere aia ki taatai. He/she has gone to the beach;
- in the prepositional phrase i/ki + a2 + ia, the whole complex being written as one word (see iaia, kiaia): I aravei ana koe iaia? Did you see him/her?; Ka tuatua au kiaia. Ill speak to him/her:
- immediately after the prepositions e2, ko, ma, which are not followed by the proper article; ko and ia are commonly written as one word: Ka okona e ia te puaka. He’s going to sell off the pig; No tei ikiia koia, kua akapikikaa maki aia. Because he was the one selected, he pretended to be sick; Kua aere matou, ma ia katoa. We went, and he/she came with us:
- in possessive constructions (i.e. after a1, o1, a-; na, no; to8, ta-), ia is replaced by -na3, see ana, ona, ana3; nana, nona; tana, tona, tana.
- this (one), that (one), these, those, esp. the one
- indicated, referred to, or being discussed: me ko te tumu ia i mate ei te puakatoro, if that’s the reason the cow died (= me koia te tumu …); Ko te tangata matu ra, ko te pu ia. The fat man there, that one’s the boss; Kare ia i te mea meitaki. It isn’t a good thing; Me e tangata piripou roa kerekere, ko au ia. If it was someone with black trousers, it was me; Koia ia. That’s the one (That’s it; That’s right); Ko te aronga i toe ra, kua taia ia ki te koke. And the remnant, (they) were slain with the sword (Rev. 19.21);
- followed by a noun phrase in apposition: Ko koe ia te tangata tei topapa i te pa. So you were the person knocking on the door; Eaa ia te maniania! What a noise!; Eaa ia te pueu me maro te mataara! How dusty it is when the road is dry!
- pre-nominally, as a determiner: Me motu ia taura, e tamou ei taura ou. If that rope breaks, fasten a new one on; Kua mate takere ia tangata. That person has been dead for some time; koia mou taku e karanga atu kia kotou nei, verily I say unto you (i.e. ko ia mou.., this truth) (Mark 10.29); E 4,840 kuea iati, e tai ia eka. Four thousand, eight hundred and forty square yards make one acre. (cf. teia, eia, aia, koia; -na3.) [Pn. *ia1.]
Related to ia