- Marking the immediate goal (object) of a transitive verb. Kua paki te tamaine i tona mata ki te paura. The girl patted her face with the powder; Kua paki te tamaine i te paura ki runga i tona mata. The girl patted the powder onto her face; Kua akakino te matangi i te are. The wind damaged the house; Kua akaoti aia i te tata i te reta. She stopped writing the letter; Kua manakonako aia i te aere ki te ura. He looked forward to going to the dance.
- Marking the cause of the state or event which the subject experiences or is affected by. Kua kerekere te are i te auai. The house was black with smoke; Kua vare koe i tana pikikaa. You’ve been taken in by his lies; Kua ngaae ia koe toku pona. You’ve torn my dress; Auraka kia ngaa te karati i te tamaiti. Don’t let the child break the glass; Kua taeroa au i te kaianga i te matu puaka. I was poisoned through eating pork fat; Kua mou au i te pu kainga. I was caught by the owner of the property; Kua oti iaku te angaanga. I’ve finished the work; mate i te kaki vai, die of thirst; ki i te repo, full of dirt; pueu i te ngaru, smashed by the waves; tu i te mamae, suffering from pain, experience pain.
- Marking position:
- at: Te tu ra aia i te pae katau o te purumu. He was standing at the right-hand side of the road;
- on: te niuniu i taku kita, the strings on my guitar;
- in: E tangata maata aia i teia taoni. He’s a big man in this town;
- from (where the verb implies movement away from a place): Kua matara te oro-enua i te ngai i tapekaia ai. The horse has got loose from where it was tethered; Kua akarukena aia i te angaanga. He was sacked from work; E uuna ainei au nei ia Aberahama i taku e rave nei? Shall I hide from Abraham that thing which I do? (Gen. 18.17).
- Marking location in (usually past) time:
- at: i taua atianga rai, at that very moment;
- on: i te taime openga, on the last occasion, last time;
- in: i te aiai, in the evening;
- when, while, as: I toku okianga mai ki te kainga. When (while, as) I was returning home; I te puakaoa e avaava ra, tei roto te keia i te are. While the dog was barking, the thief was in the house.
- Marking comparison: then: E oonu ake teia ruavai i tena. This well is deeper than that one; meangiti mai i te paunu. less than a pound, under a pound; Kare aia i pakari atu i to tuaine. She isn’t older than your sister; Kare te tavini i maata i tona pu. The servant is not greater than his lord (John 15.20).
- According to, as. I tana tuatua-anga, na Tere aia i moto. According to his account, it was Tere that hit him; Kua akakore oki au, i taau i tuatua mai ra. I have indeed pardoned them, as you said (Num. 14.20).
- In stating prices: for a, per. e rua tiringi i te paunu, two shings per pound, two shings a pound; Eia moni i te punu tamanu?. How much is a tin of salmon?; e toru tiringi i te mea okotai, three shings each.
- Of. Te oonu i te tai, the depth of the sea; te oko i tena piriaro tueporo, the price of that jersey; te maata i, the size of; te raianga i, the sum total of.
- After kare, forming the negative of sentences beginning with e. Kare i te are maata roa. It isn’t a very big house (cf. E are maata roa. It’s a very big house); Kare i te tangata kai kava a Tere. Tere isn’t a drinker (cf. E tangata kai kava a Tere. Tere is a drinker). (See ia3, ia1, ia2; iaai, iaia, iaku.)
Related to i