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prep.

    1. Marking the immediate goal (object) of a transitive verb. Kua paki te tamaine i tona mata ki te paura. The girl patted her face with the powder; Kua paki te tamaine i te paura ki runga i tona mata. The girl patted the powder onto her face; Kua akakino te matangi i te are. The wind damaged the house; Kua akaoti aia i te tata i te reta. She stopped writing the letter; Kua manakonako aia i te aere ki te ura. He looked forward to going to the dance.
    2. Marking the cause of the state or event which the subject experiences or is affected by. Kua kerekere te are i te auai. The house was black with smoke; Kua vare koe i tana pikikaa. You’ve been taken in by his lies; Kua ngaae ia koe toku pona. You’ve torn my dress; Auraka kia ngaa te karati i te tamaiti. Don’t let the child break the glass; Kua taeroa au i te kaianga i te matu puaka. I was poisoned through eating pork fat; Kua mou au i te pu kainga. I was caught by the owner of the property; Kua oti iaku te angaanga. I’ve finished the work; mate i te kaki vai, die of thirst; ki i te repo, full of dirt; pueu i te ngaru, smashed by the waves; tu i te mamae, suffering from pain, experience pain.
    3. Marking position:
    4. at: Te tu ra aia i te pae katau o te purumu. He was standing at the right-hand side of the road;
    5. on: te niuniu i taku kita, the strings on my guitar;
    6. in: E tangata maata aia i teia taoni. He’s a big man in this town;
    7. from (where the verb implies movement away from a place): Kua matara te oro-enua i te ngai i tapekaia ai. The horse has got loose from where it was tethered; Kua akarukena aia i te angaanga. He was sacked from work; E uuna ainei au nei ia Aberahama i taku e rave nei? Shall I hide from Abraham that thing which I do? (Gen. 18.17).
    8. Marking location in (usually past) time:
    9. at: i taua atianga rai, at that very moment;
    10. on: i te taime openga, on the last occasion, last time;
    11. in: i te aiai, in the evening;
    12. when, while, as: I toku okianga mai ki te kainga. When (while, as) I was returning home; I te puakaoa e avaava ra, tei roto te keia i te are. While the dog was barking, the thief was in the house.
    13. Marking comparison: then: E oonu ake teia ruavai i tena. This well is deeper than that one; meangiti mai i te paunu. less than a pound, under a pound; Kare aia i pakari atu i to tuaine. She isn’t older than your sister; Kare te tavini i maata i tona pu. The servant is not greater than his lord (John 15.20).
    14. According to, as. I tana tuatua-anga, na Tere aia i moto. According to his account, it was Tere that hit him; Kua akakore oki au, i taau i tuatua mai ra. I have indeed pardoned them, as you said (Num. 14.20).
    15. In stating prices: for a, per. e rua tiringi i te paunu, two shings per pound, two shings a pound; Eia moni i te punu tamanu?. How much is a tin of salmon?; e toru tiringi i te mea okotai, three shings each.
    16. Of. Te oonu i te tai, the depth of the sea; te oko i tena piriaro tueporo, the price of that jersey; te maata i, the size of; te raianga i, the sum total of.
    17. After kare, forming the negative of sentences beginning with e. Kare i te are maata roa. It isn’t a very big house (cf. E are maata roa. It’s a very big house); Kare i te tangata kai kava a Tere. Tere isn’t a drinker (cf. E tangata kai kava a Tere. Tere is a drinker). (See ia3, ia1, ia2; iaai, iaia, iaku.)

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